The main aim of the Institute activities is to conduct basic research and applied developments in microbiology, infectology and microbial ecology.
According to the aims, established in the Regulations of the Institute, the main trends of scientific activities of the ICIS are:
- the investigation of the mechanisms of cellular and intracellular symbiosis and their regulation with the various factors;
- the development of medical and laboratory technologies on the basis of the persistence properties of microorganisms and the development of the scientific bases for microbiological monitoring of the environmental objects.
- Scientific and methodical supervision of the Institute is carried out by the Department for physiological sciences of the RAS and the United Academic Board for medical sciences of the UB RAS.
Operational supervision of the research activities in the ICIS is carried out by the Academic Board.
The scientific trends of the Institute are formed according to the Program of the basic scientific research of the State Academies of Sciences for 2013-2020. The trends of work correspond with the following areas of the Program: ‘ecology of organisms and communities’ (51), ‘biological diversity’ (52), ‘the investigation of the role of integration of the digestive, respiratory, eliminatory systems and blood circulation in human and animal homeostasis, mediator, hormone, incretin and autacoid participation in the regulation of those systems, clinical use of the results of this research’ (64). The investigations made in the institute correspond with the priority direction of development of science and technology in the Russian Federation “Life Sciences”, critical technologies of the Russian Federation “Biomedical and veterinary technologies” and “Genomic, proteomic and post-genomic technologies”.
Scientific research in the ICIS is carried out according to the Programme of the Fundamental Research of the RAS Presidium, central and regional (Volga region) grants of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research and Russian Foundation for Humanitarian Scientific Research and regional programs.